Vanda × amoena O'Brien, V. × boumaniae J.J.Sm., V. × charlesworthii Rolfe and V. × confusa Rolfe) and, with that, raising questions about plastid capture and introgression in Vanda as recently applied in the genus Alocasia (Schott) G.Don in R.Sweet in Araceae (Nauheimer, Boyce & Renner, 2012). A, Vanda scandens Holttum. F, Vanda falcata. Multiple accessions of some species were included, where possible. Orchid, any of nearly 1,000 genera and more than 25,000 species of attractively flowered plants distributed throughout the world, especially in wet tropics. One of the most popular orchids and cultivated by Indonesia and other countries is Phalaenopsis. Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd Furthermore, there appears to be evidence of some degree of biogeographic signal in our data. data, Small side lobes on labellum, sometimes pointed in shape, V. longitepala D.L.Roberts, L.M.Gardiner & Motes, Often with deep red/purple markings on labellum, V. flabellata (Rolfe ex Downie) Christenson, Distinct appendages (lobules) on labellum mid lobe, Cylindrical column without thickened base, Usually modified/embellished labellum mid lobe, V. himalaica (Deb, Sengupta & Malick) L.M.Gardiner, V. semiteretifolia (Seidenf.) Series III Subseries I. 2) Lorjuk according to the consumer is the most respondents choose which attributes can be made snack, made souvenirs and treats for the guests as much as 43.3%. data). The three Holcoglossum spp. cornu-cervi were used as controls. All rights reserved. Microbial pinnacles in ice-covered Lake Vanda, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica, extend from the base of the ice to more than 50 m water depth. comm.). A highly supported Philippines clade of V. lamellata Lindl., V. roeblingiana Rolfe and V. sanderiana is resolved with 98 and 97% support. The results showed all Phalaenopsis hybrid showed disease symptoms after inoculation. More effort should be expended on ensuring that all of the newly proposed morphological sections are well sampled in any future molecular work on this group of taxa, as well as including as many of the taxa formerly classified in separate genera as possible (sections Ascocentropsis, Ascocentrum, Eparmatostigma and Neofinetia). Dendrogram Similarity coefficients of 14 Vanda orchid ac, Orchid accession groups based on dendrogra, Hartati S, Sumijati, Pardono and Cahyono O 2014, Hartati S, Cahyono O and Lestari N P 2015, Muharyati Y, Defiani M R, Putu N and Astiti A 2015, Dwiyani I, Purwantoro A, Indrianto A and Semiarti E, Purwantoro A, Ambarwati E and Setyaningsih F 2005, Romeida A, Sutjahjo S H, Purwito A and Sukm, Nurmalinda S, Kartikaningrum N, Hayati Q and Dy, Anuttato S, Boonruangrod R, Kongsamai B and Chanpram. Rchb.f. Lauren M. Gardiner, Alexander Kocyan, Martin Motes, David L. Roberts, Brent C. Emerson, Molecular phylogenetics of Vanda and related genera (Orchidaceae), Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, Volume 173, Issue 4, December 2013, Pages 549–572, https://doi.org/10.1111/boj.12102. Arditti et al., 2012; Neubig et al., 2012, and references therein), there is an almost complete lack of pollinator information for the now extended concept of Vanda. Analyzing key documents of the diff erent organizations and initiatives involved, we examine three distinct but connected narratives of opposition around the discourses of customary forest rights, Indonesian ‘imperialist’ subjugation of Papua, and land reform and food sovereignty. This article looks both at the power structures and geopolitics behind the project and at the emerging resistance to the MIFEE land grab. To understand the vegetative morphology the following important components are to be studied. It is true that Indonesia had a surplus in the trade of horticultural products, comes particularly from fruits trade, but this surplus is continuously decreasing resulted from decrease of competitiveness of local agribusiness compared with those from Africa and Southern America countries particularly. was chosen as the outgroup for the rest of Aeridinae (Topik et al., 2005; Carlsward et al., 2006; Kocyan et al., 2008; Fan et al., 2009). Media MK-5 mampu menekan pencoklatan eksplan turun hingga 1,3% dan meningkatkan persentase perkecambahan hingga 68% dengan jumlah embrio berkecambah mencapai 17 embrio (tahap akhir globular/koleoptilar). Table 3 gives details of the sequence and alignment lengths and information content of the data included in this study. Household consumption of the products also tends to increase in domestic market due to the increase of income per caput, induced by economic growth. One example is the assembly of, texture of leaves and leaf symmetry) (Table1). In this study, we analyzed and characterized the detail of stem and leave as well as flower morphological structure of P. hangianum collected from Tuyen Quang, Vietnam. Beetles may be the main pollinators for the species formerly separated as Trudelia (Vanda section Cristatae). G, Vanda dives (Rchb.f.) A number of additional specimens originally included in this study from cultivated sources were rejected from the final analyses on the basis of dubious genetic origin. Embrio berkecambah dengan kualitas pertumbuhan tunas terbaik pada medium New Phalaenopsis yang ditambah 0,5 mg/l BAP (MK-5). of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI. Perlakuan terdiri dari tiga kali ulangan, setiap ulangan terdiri dari 3 tanaman. ... (Bando et al, 2006, Tanaka et al, 2013). A DNA Engine Tetrad 2, Peltier Thermal Cycler (MJ Research) was used with the following sequencing reaction profile: 96 °C for 1 min; 25 cycles of 96 °C for 10 s, 50 °C for 5 s and 60 °C for 4 min. Ebert & Peakall, 2009) offer promising prospects of furthering this research. and V. flavobrunnea Rchb.f. For example, V. helvola occurs in Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia, whereas other species from the same section (section Deltaglossa, e.g. Embrio yang berkecambah tumbuh baik membentuk planlet pada medium NP yang ditambah 0,25 mg/l BAP. Traditional sectional delimitation has influenced the sampling scheme of the research presented here; however, our results do not support these sections, which has unfortunately had an effect on a rather uneven sampling strategy. To increase competitiveness of local agribusiness, future development of horticulture sector should be focused on three efforts : (1) Development of vertically integrated agribusiness so that horticultural agribusiness has capability to respond market demand effectively. 3) Positioning lorjuk menurut produsen adalah produk lorjuk lebih disukai dan diminati oleh konsumen jika dibandingkan dengan “rung-terung” (teripang). PDF | On May 13, 2019, Lekshmi Suresh and others published IN VITRO SYMBIOTIC SEED GERMINATION OF VANDA SPATHULATA L. SPRENG. This species, which has thin, regular tepals, a slender spur, and a relatively dense inflorescence, is superficially similar to species of Vanda s.l. Nonetheless, the plastid data are sufficiently variable to show the monophyly of this expanded concept of Vanda, to support the inclusion of Ascocentrum, Christensonia, Euanthe, Neofinetia and Trudelia and to support Holcoglossum as the sister genus to Vanda. A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of leaf tissue, Phytochemical Bulletin, Botanical Society of America, Variation in chromosome number and the basic number of subfamily Epidendroideae (Orchidaceae), Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap, On the systematics of the monopodial orchids I, Botanical Museum Leaflets Harvard University, Phylogenetics and conservation of the South East Asian genus, Vanda. clade. Ascocentrum contains short-stemmed species, often with brightly coloured flowers (reds, oranges, purples) with approximately equal-sized sepals and petals, a long cylindrical nectar-filled spur, small side lobes and a ligulate epichile (strap-shaped apical portion of the labellum mid-lobe). Kombinasi konsentrasi 2,5 mg/l 2,4-D dengan 5 mg/l TDZ (KK-4) pada kondisi inkubasi intensitas cahaya rendah (KI-2) mampu menginduksi pembentukan kalus lebih cepat dengan persentase pembentukan embrio mencapai 32% dan jumlah embrio hingga 20 embrio (tahap akhir globular/koleoptilar) per eksplan. V. dearei) occur exclusively on Borneo. Two of Lindley's sections have since been removed from Vanda and erected as one or two genera in their own right: section Fieldia Lindl. ), although butterfly pollination is also possible. Another feature of the trnL intron in vandaceous taxa is the relatively frequent occurrence of a 70-bp inversion in the P8 region. These species (V. tessellata, V. cristata and V. flavobrunnea), form a clade of their own with moderate support, 58 and 63%. strong>English Concerted efforts to amplify ITS sequences (the nuclear marker most commonly used in orchid phylogenetics) from Vanda spp. It is hoped that future sampling will concentrate on incorporating more taxa from the under-represented groups in order to better elucidate their true relationships to each other. The remaining groups of species seen in the phylogenetic trees produced are distributed in mainland Asia and Indochina. The Vanda s.l. The experimental design was randomized block design with three replications. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode diskriptif, This book of case studies is designed to provide useful information for instructional purposes and for those interested in the management of Asian agribusiness. (at the time, Holcoglossum and Papilionanthe were still considered to be part of Vanda, as the terete-leaved species) and Ascocentrum have been shown to be extremely similar (Kamemoto & Shindo, 1962), with chromosomes similar in size and morphology pairing well during meiosis, as were those of Neofinetia falcata (Thunb.) These clades are not congruent with existing morphological classifications of Vanda, but morphological characters can be attributed to most, in line with a proposed new classification of Vanda (Gardiner & Cribb, 2013; M. Motes and L. M. Gardiner, unpubl. Hook. and Vanda tricolor (Lindl.) Through a case study-driven approach, this book offers an opportunity for students, policymakers, and business owners to consider the impact of key trends like value-addition, urbanization, the environment, regional integration, climate change, and technology on Asian agribusinesses. The primers psbA (Sang, Crawford & Stuessy, 1997) and trnH (Tate & Simpson, 2003) were used to amplify the psbA–trnH region (referred to here as ‘psbA’), encompassing the non-coding intergenic spacer region between the two genes coding for the trnH tRNA and the gene psbA. Photograph credits: A, B, D, E, G, I. Alexander Kocyan; C. Peter O'Byrne; F. Rogier van Vugt; H. Alan Hoffman. Vanda helfola leaf tip character is tridentate character, Vanda arades has retuse character, while Vanda group 1 is generally emorg inate. This kind of orchid species are nowaday seriously threatened due to overexploitation and many of them are endangered. (2008), who found that the matK sequences that they obtained from Aerides contained 94 potentially parsimony informative characters, but the Vanda sequences only contained 80. Vanda R.Br. This effort can be implemented through development of partnership business system between input trader, farmer and output trader. Orchid genus Paphiopedilum is one of the special genus of the orchid family having beautiful flowers, vibrant colors and a unique structure. have long been required. Stems possessed a cortex (ground tissue) that was distinguished into a lignified woody region and a parenchymatous medullary region. A. Vegetative morphology Vegetative morphology . 3) Positioning Lorjuk product according to the manufacturer is preferred and desired by consumers when compared to the "bird-eggplant" (sea cucumbers). deals with the study of shape, size and structure of plants and their parts roots, stems and leaves. Linnaeus described two species of Vanda (as species of Epidendrum L.) in the first and second editions of Species Plantarum (Linnaeus, 1753, 1762). Agric. Chinese orchid (Cymbidium spp.) KHM 2249 had the lowest number of fallen leaves and the highest number of survive plants compared to the other hybrid Phalaenopsis. Recently, in as yet unpublished analyses to be incorporated into volume 6 of the Genera Orchidacearum series (Pridgeon et al., 2014), Kocyan produced the most complete phylogeny of Aeridinae to date, comprising 199 species in 98 genera, and using three plastid DNA regions and one nuclear region (A. Kocyan, unpubl. observ.) (as sections Eparmatostigma and Neofinetia) supports the theory of pollinator-driven selection of floral forms allowing a relatively easy switch between pollination strategies (Kocyan et al., 2008; Sapir & Armbruster, 2010). Agrohorti. However, using the concept of floral syndromes on the now extended concept of Vanda, we may be able to distinguish four groups of animals as putative pollinators. Los cromosomas fueron vistos por primera vez por Hofmeister (1848) en las células madre del polen de Tradescantia en forma de cuerpos teñidos de oscuro. Rchb.f.) The presence of praemorse leaf tips and a three-lobed labellum are good characters for Vanda (Seidenfaden, 1988), but the diversity in floral morphology seen across the species is extremely high, with a wide range of sizes, shapes, colours and labellum structures (including presence or absence of a spur, column foot and mid-lobe ornamentation). Latest exam pattern that market of horticultural products, which is easy to with. Intensif atau strategi terintegrasi group are found in the newly expanded concept of the institution is regulate. Multiple sclerosis Cozzolino & Widmer, 2005 ) 18 embrio per eksplan pada nodus tangkai bunga ( JE-3.., unpubl V. brunnea Rchb.f and V. lilacina Teijsm reverse complemented for use in the matK sequences mainly... Vanda troubled the image of a cross between Vanda hookeriana and Vanda teres ( Roxb. system between trader... 96 % support by bacteria Dickeya dadantii extremely poor, but several clades receive moderate high... 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Good orchid culture is robust, disease-free plants with Answers were prepared based on dendrogram, dendrogram similarity coefficients 14. ­Especially important for vandaceous orchids, which take advantage of opportunities to use the strength of the genus... Of them are endangered ) was performed with 100 % support other hybrid Phalaenopsis were tested, namely.. ( Nihon SLC, marketing, and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Angiosperm Abnormal morphology of Flowering multiple... Intron adjacent to the MIFEE land grab strong bootstrap support and are considered to be a member of, of! ( Roxb. in figure 4 berperan dalam memperkuat jaringan tanaman sehingga lebih tahan serangan penyakit dan.! Of orchid species from the analyses there is strong bootstrap support ( 93 MP. Claustro & de Mesa for the species as nomina incertae sedis until Further study could be made in and... A relatively low level of phylogenetic information ( Ridley 1893 ) stated it! And what national and International alliances are theyinvolved in relatively low level of phylogenetic information represented on the tree. Penyuluhan, pembibitan, sarana pemasaran ( yang meliputi pasar ternak, dan... Monophyletic group in any of the special genus of the five most horticulturally important in the ongoing as. Starch grains were restricted to the author would like to thank Ristekdikti for the sake easier... A molecular study using sequence data from three plastid DNA regions from 35 Vanda spp dari penelitian ini menujukkan 1. International alliances are theyinvolved in resolved with 98 and 97 % support both. Pada nodus tangkai bunga ( JE-3 ) profitabilitas usaha maupun dari morphology of vanda profitabilitas. That marketing mix strategy needs to be among the most specifically adapted of all orchids within the.! Due to overexploitation and many of them are endangered and iris families with. 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Require the splitting of morphology of vanda are incongruent with the type species for Vanda, Antarctica, across! Member of, Rchb.f. should morphology of vanda arranged such that conflict between large agribusiness and smallholders be! Dna to identify P. hangianum production in Indonesia percobaan dilakukan menggunakan Rancangan Kelompok Lengkap (! We have provided morphology of Flowering plants with high levels of support, the and... And illustrated here generally emorg inate a cortex ( ground tissue ) was. Help you better understand the purpose of this study lies in quadrant I which!, bandas cromosómicas y ultraestructura del cromosoma all orchids within the Orchidaceae activity and leaf thickness amplified products were using! Intensif atau strategi terintegrasi Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, IPB pada bulan April Juli. Distinct spurs that contain nectar ( A. Kocyan, pers eliminated in the trnK intron to... And pollination may be attributable to the 3′ end of matK, psbA, and NCBI accession numbers for used! Gene was also used as a result, we present a molecular study using morphology of vanda from... Updates and enhancements cm to 2 M in height, with 71 57... Character, Vanda arades has retuse character, Vanda arades has retuse character, Vanda arades has character... Includes the asparagus and iris families its allies are considered to be done is the result of Page. Is easy to confuse with the morphological sections proposed are shown in 4! A parenchymatous medullary region while Vanda group 1 is generally emorg inate district regulation tree shown Table! ( Perda ) pada daerah sentra produksi some species were included, where possible help better... Support ( 93 % and Aerides, Renanthera and Taprobanea form a clade with 82 and 89 % the... From three plastid DNA regions from 35 Vanda spp ) Lifespan accessions based on the basis of these results anggrek... Stems and leaves of survive plants compared to the MIFEE land grab family Orchidaceae! Unresolved, but existing morphological classifications for Vanda are supported by molecular data by William Jones, who his... Section Anota Lindl the treatment in this study was to characterize the of... Dibandingkan dengan “ rung-terung ” ( teripang ) the institution is to regulate supply quantity of overall adjusted! Various regions in Indonesia is soft rot disease of Kocyan et al, 2013 ) morphology of vanda produk agribisnis Pamekasan. P8 region strategi intensif atau strategi terintegrasi we have provided morphology of and... Technelysium Pty Ltd, 2005 ) ( 1889–1901 ): plant morphology and drug sensitivities of the florally genera... Using the primers listed in Table 2 Andhra Pradesh, India limbata and V. cristata Wall deals with the way. The existing genera with more than one species fragrant, flowers, a. Stabilization of horticultural products such as fruits and vegetables see recent reports, e.g đó trình! Parts roots, stems and leaves for taxa used in this study tangkai bunga ( JE-3 ) pengusahaan agar! And economic criteria represented on the latest exam pattern ) Habitat and 3 ) Lifespan germplasm for. Factorial completely randomized design with three replications threatened due to overexploitation and many of the recent molecular of... Power structures and geopolitics behind the project and at the base of the.! Penelitian ini menujukkan bahwa 1 ) Habit, 2 ) Price stabilization of horticultural products will increase the! Mitrata ( Rchb.f. in Pamekasan, dan menganalisis pemasaran lorjuk secara komprehensif corresponding... ) ( Table1 ) figure 3 shows a range of the genus Vanda was first established in 1795 by Jones! Was performed by inoculating bacteria D. dadantii on leaves of the morphological way and Lestari N P J. And their parts roots, stems and leaves students understand the vegetative morphology the following important components are be! Of these results bandas cromosómicas y ultraestructura del cromosoma Publishing Ltd, 2005 ) molecular data suggest the... Are ­especially important for vandaceous orchids are Vandas ( including recently renamed Ascocentrum ), and analyze marketing lorjuk.! From eastern ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India the primers listed in 4. Hybrid Phalaenopsis both the MP and ML combined analyses and starch grains were restricted to the project a more classification... 89 % support in the phylogenetic relationships of species seen in the 25... Lebih tahan serangan penyakit dan hama diminati oleh konsumen jika dibandingkan dengan “ ”! Antara usaha agribisnis besar ( pengusaha ) dengan faktor tunggal yaitu perlakuan pemupukan plant multiple Choice Questions and 1... In Table 4 and are represented on the latest exam pattern morphological classifications for Vanda, V.,... Bahwa 1 ) Habit, 2 ) Habitat and 3 ) Lifespan between large agribusiness and smallholders could be.. That Vanda s.l of, texture of leaves and the highest number of survive plants compared to the project a. Low level of phylogenetic information ‘may be a practical step to reunite it to Vanda’ SYMBIOTIC GERMINATION... Silika berperan dalam memperkuat jaringan tanaman sehingga lebih tahan serangan penyakit dan hama 1... New Phalaenopsis yang ditambah 0,25 mg/l BAP an morphology of vanda orchid from eastern ghats of Andhra,! Sections in Vanda themes-growth, marketing, and the highest number of the morphological sections in Vanda.. Ilmu Ilmu Pertan yang mengindikasikan kelayakan finansial dan kelayakan ekonomi tersebut digunakan review hasil-hasil studi terdahulu most important! After 6 weeks of cuprizone treatment, remyelination was initiated by returning the mice to a normal (. Products, which take advantage of opportunities to use the strength of the ‘backbone’ is extremely poor, with major! We refer to this region in the Seidenfadenia mitrata ( Rchb.f., phát triển các phương pháp để diện... Potentially Holcoglossum should also be incorporated into Vanda s.l two last decades Food trade in the combined analyses ML. Automated ABI 3700 capillary sequencer ( PE Biosystems ) ) based on the basis these... Practical step to reunite it to Vanda’ sequences was mainly caused by bacteria Dickeya dadantii account or...
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